Occupational Therapy


Occupational Therapy is a rehabilitative health care profession focused on improving the development of the small muscles of the body, such as the hands, feet, face, fingers and toes. These muscles are used to accomplish everyday tasks such as mobility, washing, dressing, eating, cooking and grooming and other activities such as handwriting, driving, housekeeping, or job tasks. An occupational therapist (OT) is also the professional who can best advise how to modify a household to accommodate special needs.

To develop a plan, therapists assess an individual’s level of managing daily living activities and then make specific recommendations. Recommendations may include:

  • Methods or equipment to improve one’s abilities to carry out specific activities, such as dressing aids, special grips for pens and pencils, etc.

  • Mobility aids such as canes, walkers and wheelchairs (see Assistive devices)

  • Correct wheelchair positioning and postural management techniques

  • Housing adaptations such as modifications in doorways and countertops, grab rails, ramps, stair lifts, etc.

  • Orthotics such as shoe inserts, splints or braces (see Orthotics)

  • Specialized equipment for seating, bath aids, etc.

  • Exercise for fingers, hands or arms, the use of strengthening devices, activities designed to improve coordination

There are a many sites dedicated to products, resources and information to enhance daily living that individuals can also pursue on their own. Please go to Patient Forum Recommended Linksto see many sites that members of our community have recommended.

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